Lice & Mite Prevention Lice & mites are minute external parasites that live off of poultry, they are extremely resilient to all types of environmental conditions, including freezing cold temperatures. They are vicious blood-sucking pests that invade your coop attacking poultry compromising their health. Consider …
Keeping chickens healthy in the winter, can be more challenging, than the greener times of summer, when they can munch on weeds and bugs, that naturally keeps them healthier. Closing chickens indoors for protection from the adverse weather can set up the right conditions for creating an ammonia filled environment, which can harm the sensitive airways of chickens. Ammonia is formed by an excessive buildup of feces and wetness in the coop. High levels of ammonia in the coop, can lead to respiratory illness. The illness can be a problematic condition.
causing egg production to drop off, and even death. Classic symptoms of the disease are coughing, wheezing, discharge from eyes and nose, sitting in a slumped position with ruffled feathers and often a lack of appetite. While many diseases cause this ill-fated condition, respiratory illness caused by ammonia may be one of the easiest to prevent.
Take these Steps to Keep your Flock Healthy
- Check bedding daily making sure it is dry, avoiding the formation of ammonia.
- Block any drafts, preventing cold air blowing directly on your birds while they roost.
- Good ventilation is a must, consider installing wall vents and or box fans.
- Feed good quality feed with ample clean drinking water daily.
- Look at ways to keep feces out of feed and water pans, try covering pans partially covering, hanging or raising up feeders and waters.
- Do not overcrowd them.
- Use bedding that is low in dust.
- Add 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar per gallon of water using a non-metallic pan, it is an antiseptic that potentially destroys bad bacteria, encourages water consumption, and it supports good digestive health.
- Boost their immune system by supplementing their feed regime with probiotics, vitamins, and electrolytes.
- Use agricultural lime in the coop, spread a thin layer under the bedding when you clean, it an inexpensive way to help keep your coop dryer and cleaner. Agricultural lime has a high pH component that naturally destroys the bacteria that creates ammonia and is safe for chickens and other animals. It is used commonly in barns also known as barn lime and it is also beneficial for landscape and garden. Be sure not to confuse it with hydrated lime, which is not recommended for chickens.
- Consider the administration of essential oils, many large broiler farms are feeding oregano in place of antibiotics. See “In Hopes of Healthier Chickens, Farms Turn to Oregano,” New York Times. Oregano has natural antibiotic and antiparasitic properties currently are being studied as an antidote for coccidiosis and infectious bronchitis. Orego stim is an excellent source of oregano designed for chicks and chickens, developed in the United Kingdom, it is very economical and easy to administer in adding drinking water.
- Take steps to ensure they have a healthy living environment, by ensuring their living area is kept dry and clean coop regularly avoiding pile-up of ammonia causing manure.
- If you smell ammonia, so can they, it’s time to clean 😊
While managing your flock to keep them healthy, sometimes they still acquire a respiratory illness. Consider keeping an antibiotic on hand in your first aid kit, see your veterinary for a recommendation. Rosemary essential oil can assist in treatment, mix 15 drops to 1 tablespoon of cooking oil and mix well. Apply rosemary mixture to head, neck, and underwings to help clear airways.
Blue Birchen Maran cockerel 7 months old
Good Care Strategy
Chickens are tough, with resilience to all sorts of adverse conditions, and as you may know, it is much easier to take care of a healthy bird, than treat one for an illness. The best strategy is to develop a daily care plan that includes a clean environment and quality feed with additional nutrients to support excellent health from inside out. Manage your flock with these good animal husbandry practices keeping ammonia caused respiratory issues to a minimum.
In the winter months, as the weather turns colder, chicken keepers are forced to keep their birds shut indoors to protect them from adverse weather conditions. Confinement indoors can create conditions, triggering respiratory illness in poultry. The respiratory systems of chickens are very sensitive to …
Due to Virulent Newcastle Disease, the state of California has issued a quarantine and will no longer allow shipments of live poultry, hatching eggs or embryonated eggs in or out of these zip codes 90000-93599. These zip codes include areas of San Diego, Los Angeles, Santa …
We have beautiful robust Ameraucanas. Our Ameraucanas are the “true Ameraucanas”, they lay wonderful blue eggs, unlike Easter Eggers which lay a greenish color of egg. We have black roosters over black, blue, and splash hens to ensure a variety of color of chicks. Ameraucanas are good egg layers, winter hardy, and they get along good with other breeds of chickens. Our flock of Ameraucanas NPIP certified and Avian Influenza AI Clean. For more information on purchasing chicks or fertilized hatching eggs please contact us. scroll down
For more information on purchasing chicks or fertilized hatching eggs please contact us.
300 Cases of Newcastle Disease In California Poultry World reports January 21, 2019, that there have been 300 cases confirmed of the deadly Newcastle Disease in California since May 2018. Utah has recently first confirmed its first case of Newcastle disease, which is believed to …
American Poultry Association originated back in 1873 and is one of the oldest livestock organizations in the United States today. They have established breed guidelines, that are used by poultry judges across the United States. Their Motto “to promote and protect the standard breed poultry industry …
Caring for a sick chicken is a challenge that all chicken keepers face at one time or another. Keeping poultry has its challenges and one of the biggest challenges can be, getting an ill chicken well. Early detection and prevention are your best friends in keeping your flock healthy. Be sure to be on the alert and observe your flock when feeding them. An ill chicken will try to disguise its condition to protect itself from predators, that attack the sick and weak. By the time you see a chicken that really does look sick, it often is too late to save him. You should always be on the lookout for a chicken that is standing off by himself or not rushing to the food trough at feeding time. Chickens are very resilient to all kinds of environmental conditions, but once they get sick, if you don’t catch it early, their survival rate diminishes quickly. What should you do suspect one of your chickens is sick or just looking a little off?
When a chicken is ill it will usually be the one that is standing off by itself, not engaging with the rest of the flock. It may be standing is sort of a slump, with head slightly tucked in, crouching lower the ground. Be alert to the color of their combs, which should be bright red, a dull colored or purple comb can be a sign of illness. There can be a number of reasons causing a chicken to be ill. When we find an ill bird, we worm them, feed them probiotics, vitamins, and herbal tea that is made for chickens.
Internal parasites that affect chickens can come from a variety of sources, parasites that infect chickens live on the insects that chickens eat. For example, the gapeworm will live on the earthworm and infect a chicken when the chicken eats the earthworm. Chickens come in to contact with parasites in the dirt, rodents, and bird droppings. It is pretty much impossible to prevent your chicken from becoming in contact with parasites.
Natural worm prevention
There are natural ways to prevent worms by feeding chickens squash, cucumbers, garlic, oregano, and melons. The seeds help naturally flush out the parasites. Free-ranging allows chickens to peck at plants that naturally rid them of parasites. Planting a herb garden around their house is a good idea. oregano,
When Natural Remedies Don’t Work
Sometimes natural remedies, chickens can have a worm overload. It is best to have a fecal float done by your veterinary, which costs about $10 so that you know what types of worms your chickens may have. There are wormers made specifically for chickens on the market, but the majority of them kill one or two types of worms. What is the best wormer to use? there are multiple wormers on the market for chickens, but most of them kill only a couple types of worms. Fall of 2017 we had chickens looking fine one day and dropping dead the next day. It was crazy they all looked so beautiful, what could be causing them to drop dead? I took fecal samples to my veterinary to do fecal float, which costs about $10. He determined my chickens had three types of worms. I did research and found that a number of poultry keepers had used Safeguard for Goats, yes for goats. We tried it and within 3 days our chickens stopped dying. a week later after administering safeguard for goats I took a fecal sample back to my veterinary and he found no worms, it worked extremely well.
Because chickens are consumed as food sometimes it is tricky to find a good wormer, because of all the regulations by giving drugs to chickens. Safeguard for Goats is good because it is broad-spectrum killing pretty much every type of worm. We have the dosage we use noted here, however, we recommend that you consult with your veterinary before administering.
Safeguard for Goats dosage we use:
.25 ml for bantam size
.50 ml for standard hen size
.75 ml for standard rooster size
1 ml for Jersey Giant Size chicken
Repeat dosage in three weeks.
** Very important administer dosage to either side of the tongue, you do NOT want to get any liquid in the trachea, this can drown and kill your chicken.
**Check with your veterinary for Ivermectin dosage – for worms, mites, and lice infestation.