Caring for a sick chicken is a challenge that all chicken keepers face at one time or another. Keeping poultry has its challenges and one of the biggest challenges can be, getting an ill chicken well. Early detection and prevention are your best friends in …
GREEN TEA & COCCIDIOSIS There have been multiple studies conducted using green tea for the treatment and prevention of avian diseases. In a study done in Korea where green tea was added to poultry feed, there was a 50% reduction in oocyst output, continue reading …
Lice & Mite Prevention
Lice & mites are minute external parasites that live off of poultry, they are extremely resilient to all types of environmental conditions, including freezing cold temperatures. They are vicious blood-sucking pests that invade your coop attacking poultry compromising their health.
Consider these preventative measures to Stop Lice and Mites
Use a spray that is effective in eliminating lice and mites on poultry. Permethrin based sprays work well, some can be applied directly on chickens, which is handy if you have a severe outbreak. However, if you manage your coop with regular applications of permethrin, you rarely need to do this. The key to here is to apply permethrin every time you clean the chicken house, make spraying for lice and mites a part of your cleaning routine. Apply thoroughly on cleaned floors, walls, and roosts (both sides). There are various products on the market, but find one that can be used on chickens, like Gordons Permethrin 10, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s directions. When you proactively spray the coop on a regular basis, usually they do not need to spray chickens for lice or mites. I usually spray area when I can let chickens out in their runs, so they are not exposed to the intensity of the spray when it is first applied.
Hint: To make your coop smell wonderful and naturally deter pests and rodents add lavender essential oil to the permethrin spray mixture.
Other Preventative Measures
- Feed apple cider vinegar to chickens 1 Tablespoon per gallon of water in non-metallic drinking containers, there is some studies that show consumption will deter external parasites naturally or maybe it just makes them healthier for a natural defense mechanism
- Set up dust baths in their runs, a natural way to smother lice and mites
- Mix Diatomaceous Earth also is known as DE, in their dust baths and bedding, it naturally kills lice and mites.
- Use Barn Lime, ground limestone, it naturally creates an environment with a high pH level that kills lice and mites naturally.
Stack your Bedding for Success
Start by cleaning the coop floor thoroughly and then spray the floor with permethrin 10, I also like to mix in lavender essential oil into permethrin spray, this will make the coop smell wonderful and it also deters pests and rodents. Next, spread a thin layer of barn lime on the floor and in cleaned nest boxes. Lime naturally deters insects with is high pH level, and is perfectly safe for chickens, it also works as a drying agent that hampers insect reproduction and decreases ammonia levels, pretty neat stuff. Barn lime can be bought at local farm stores for around $4 per 50-pound bag, be sure not to confuse it with hydrated lime, which is not recommended for chickens. After applying barn lime, I put down bedding of wood chips and I spray once again over the top of wood chips with the permethrin lavender mixture.
As long as I follow preventive measures, I keep the lice at bay and never have to worry about dusting each bird, which makes life so much easier for me and them. In addition, I really don’t think dusting a bird with harsh pesticides is a good idea for their sensitive airways.
For additional information on DE see:
Keeping chickens healthy in the winter, can be more challenging, than the greener times of summer, when they can munch on weeds and bugs, that naturally keeps them healthier. Closing chickens indoors for protection from the adverse weather can set up the right conditions for …
In the winter months, as the weather turns colder, chicken keepers are forced to keep their birds shut indoors to protect them from adverse weather conditions. Confinement indoors can create conditions, triggering respiratory illness in poultry. The respiratory systems of chickens are very sensitive to …
Due to Virulent Newcastle Disease, the state of California has issued a quarantine and will no longer allow shipments of live poultry, hatching eggs or embryonated eggs in or out of these zip codes 90000-93599. These zip codes include areas of San Diego, Los Angeles, Santa Ana, and Sierra Coastal. Unfortunately, New Castle Disease has been plaguing California since May of 2018, and the number of euthanized birds will soon be over a million. The state of California has been working feverishly to stop the disease in southern California. They have restricted movement of all birds in these areas and require reporting of all sick birds.
Since May 2018 there have been 409 cases reported in California and one case in Utah. The disease is so virulent, that many times poultry will die without showing any symptoms of Newcastle Disease. It is one of the most devastating poultry diseases in the world and kills almost 100% of an unvaccinated poultry flock and if an infected bird spreads the disease to a vaccinated flock, the disease is capable of killing them too. The disease can be transmitted via live poultry, eggs, clothing and equipment that come in contact with the disease.
All bird owners should report sick birds or unusual bird deaths to State/Federal officials right away, either through their state veterinarian or through USDA’s toll-free number at 1-866-536-7593.
For more information about biosecurity practices, visit USDA’s Defend the Flock website.
For More Information on Virulent New Castle Disease click here:
300 Cases of Newcastle Disease In California Poultry World reports January 21, 2019, that there have been 300 cases confirmed of the deadly Newcastle Disease in California since May 2018. Utah has recently first confirmed its first case of Newcastle disease, which is believed to …
American Poultry Association originated back in 1873 and is one of the oldest livestock organizations in the United States today. They have established breed guidelines, that are used by poultry judges across the United States.
Their Motto “to promote and protect the standard breed poultry industry in all phases” They are responsible for publishing “The American Standard of Perfection, which has the breed and variety descriptions for recognized purebred fowl.”
*Membership includes a quarterly newsletter sent to all members
*APA members can show their poultry at APA shows and gain points to achieve Master Exhibitor and receive awards.
If you are planning to show your poultry, joining the APA or using their website to check for your breed standards will be a reference guide that you will want to use often.
For more information on joining the American Poultry Association click here
The following books are valuable resources for anyone that owns poultry or wants to learn more about poultry.
“The American Standard of Perfections“ describes in detail the standards of all the breeds accepted in the APA. This is the book your poultry judge abides by when judging your poultry.
“Storey’s Guide to Raising Chickens“ is a comprehensive book on care, feeding, and raising poultry.
“Storey’s Illustrated Guide to Poultry Breeds“ is a wonderful poultry reference book this is a must-own, for anyone showing or considering showing poultry. Includes an array of color photographs of many breeds of chickens, ducks, turkeys, and more. The photographs are splendid depicting the correct color, feather pattern, comb type, etc for more than 128 breeds.
“The Chicken Health Book” is a common-sense book that covers all the ins and outs of raising chickens and caring for an ill bird. It has a ton of photos and illustrations depicting diseases and illnesses, and it tells you what you can do to prevent and cure. How to detect illness through feces. Plus how to grind your own feed from scratch for chicks, growers, and layers. It is a complete poultry care book.